Author Topic: How to Protect your wifi-Lan  (Read 121146 times)

Offline pandlouk

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How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« on: June 04, 2006, 04:08:29 AM »
Now that more and more people buy wifi-dsl-routes the security risks for the users grow.

Last month I have read an article at an italian magazine about this. The giornalist that wrote it had made a test at Milano in Italy to see if the Wifi-lans of the users are protected.
 The results were that over 1000 wifi-lans they tried to get access at, they succeded on more than 85%, which is pretty impressive. A lot of people put wifi-dsl-routers but don't really have a clue of the risks of the wireless networks.

The great difference of a cable-Lan and a Wifi-Lan is that on a cable-lan someone can get access by fisically connecting to the network with a cable and for doing this must have access at your enviroment. At the other side on a Wifi-Lan someone can get access on your network and at your internet connection by distance; and this can be very risky!!!!

How can we protect our wifi-Lans?
1. The first thing to do is to change the default username and password at the router. A stronge password is required. By this we can be sure that none will have access on our routers settings.

2. Make another password, that will be needed by every computer or machine, that needs to get access at the network. This password must be even stronger than the first one. Prefer a WPA (or better WPA2) key and not WEP, it is much safer. Better use a 128bit encryption which means that your password have to be 13 caracters long. Be sure not to use yours or your family members names.( these will be the first that people who know you will use to get access)

3. On Comodo Personal Firewall instead of adding your entire network range as a trusted zone add only the IP adress of your wifi-router as trusted. By this, even if someone succedds in getting in your wifi-network, he won't have access at your computer and your personal documents.  ;)

4. If you want to have access on other computers or machines at your network give them a permanent (static) IP adress (this can be done by the routers lan settings) and add these IP adresses as trusted in your CPF.

ps. It can be a little annoying doing all these, but remember it has to be done only once and it will maximize your protection. ;D

by pandlouk  (L)

edit: 04/02/07 (d/m/y)
It is wise to restrict also the range of the computers that you want to connect at the same time at your lan. This one depends from the "subnet mask" of your network (LAN settings).
If you want to connect:
1. 1 pc change it to 255.255.255.252
2. 5 pcs change it to 255.255.255.248
3. 13 pcs change it to 255.255.255.240
4. 29 pcs change it to 255.255.255.224
5. 61 pcs change it to 255.255.255.192
6. 125 pcs change it to 255.255.255.128
7. 253 pcs leave it as it is 255.255.255.0
« Last Edit: February 06, 2007, 07:46:12 PM by pandlouk »

Offline devionx

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #1 on: June 07, 2006, 08:47:28 AM »
The one thing I do on my router is MAC address filtering and turning the Broadcast off.  When I first hooked up the cable modem, it took about two days for me to have three neighbors piggybacking off of my service.  My simplest solution was to block all access and through MAC addresses, allow only my computer and the one downstairs to access the network.  I check my router's access table every so often and I only ever see the two computers on there.  So, I guess that's another easy quick fix.

VaMPiRiC_CRoW

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #2 on: June 07, 2006, 09:49:43 AM »
The one thing I do on my router is MAC address filtering and turning the Broadcast off.  When I first hooked up the cable modem, it took about two days for me to have three neighbors piggybacking off of my service.  My simplest solution was to block all access and through MAC addresses, allow only my computer and the one downstairs to access the network.  I check my router's access table every so often and I only ever see the two computers on there.  So, I guess that's another easy quick fix.
You should also change you subnet address, use at least WPA-TPK, change the username and password to access to your router, and if you are the only one that use the wireless connection, restrict the number of users to 1, or to the number of users that use it... ;)

Offline pandlouk

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #3 on: June 07, 2006, 10:25:26 AM »
Guys. This is just a simple (but powerfull) tuttorial for giving the maximum protection for novice users, with some simple steps.

If I had to make a complete guide then I would have to write about 30 pages, and novice users could not understand a thing ;)

ps. even with mac adresses (not all routers and not all lan-cards support them) and WPE or better WPE2 (encryption) key you can't be sure that someone will not enter in your network.
That's why steps #3 and #4 are important
  ;)

VaMPiRiC_CRoW

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #4 on: June 07, 2006, 10:30:26 AM »
Was just to add more info... ;)

Offline Shameless

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #5 on: June 27, 2006, 10:29:48 AM »
This looks like a great topic!  Thanks!

If admin doesn't like to continue the posts here, maybe this would be a good place to recommend some links to other sites that go into more detail.

 (V)

Offline pandlouk

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #6 on: June 28, 2006, 05:29:00 AM »
This looks like a great topic!  Thanks!

If admin doesn't like to continue the posts here, maybe this would be a good place to recommend some links to other sites that go into more detail.

 (V)

Excellent idea. Anyone that has links from sites that explain in a more detailed manner wifi-lans can post here.

ps. posts and recommendations should continue but remember to keep it simple, so that novice users can understand too. ;)

Offline n8399

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #7 on: July 06, 2006, 02:38:48 AM »
[at]all
One of many helpful articles Part 3: Securing your WLAN
http://www.tomsnetworking.com/Sections-print-article124.php

Offline CBSSYS

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #8 on: July 31, 2006, 07:21:17 AM »
Excellent idea. Anyone that has links from sites that explain in a more detailed manner wifi-lans can post here.

ps. posts and recommendations should continue but remember to keep it simple, so that novice users can understand too. ;)

Ok, I REALLY need help.  On one of the wireless laptops, I get a limited connection to the net (and it does not work at all) if I leave the firewall running.  It has the little yellow flag.  If I turn it off, or uninstall the firewall, it works fine.  What do I need to put in the firewall so it works??

Thanks, Jim

Offline Justin L.

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #9 on: July 31, 2006, 11:20:29 AM »
Ok, I REALLY need help.  On one of the wireless laptops, I get a limited connection to the net (and it does not work at all) if I leave the firewall running.  It has the little yellow flag.  If I turn it off, or uninstall the firewall, it works fine.  What do I need to put in the firewall so it works??

Thanks, Jim

Try turning the firewall off, then connecting, then turning the firewall back on, what happens?

Offline Eric Cryptid

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #10 on: August 24, 2006, 10:41:40 AM »
Another useful thing to do is look for an update for your wireless adapter.

Mines and Intel and I only recently found out pretty much by accident that there was a driver upgrade for it. It fixed a lot of instability problems I was having. Here's the site: http://support.intel.com/support/wireless/wlan/sb/cs-005905.htm

Also, if you don't have the KB 893357 hotfix installed on your machine and if you're running WPA-PSK you might consider the Windows Hotfix which will enable you to connect using WPA2 and WPA2-PSK as well as making your WPA-PSK more stable. Here's the info and download link: http://support.microsoft.com/?id=893357

I thought it might be useful to add as most Wireless Driver Updates won't show in Windows Update or even you get windows to search for a driver update manually. I can now use WPA-PSK without any problems and everything is more secure.

Eric

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Offline Impenetrable

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #11 on: November 05, 2006, 06:30:00 AM »

4. If you want to have access on other computers or machines at your network give them a permanent (static) IP adress (this can be done by the routers lan settings) and add these IP adresses as trusted in your CPF.

Okay, so I think I'm getting the hang of this, but when it comes to this kind of thing I'd rather somebody "check my math" for me.  I've been setting up a wireless home network, and in regards to number 4 above I added these rules to computer A...

ALLOW IP OUT FROM IP [Any] TO IP 192.168.1.25 WHERE IPPROTO IS ANY
ALLOW IP IN FROM IP 192.168.1.25 TO IP [Any] WHERE IPPROTO IS ANY

... where 192.168.1.25 is the static IP address of computer B.  I placed them at the very top of my Network Control Rules.  Am I on the right track?

Now, to get these rules I made some temporary rules using the "Define a new Trusted Network" wizard and used those as a guide (and then deleted the wizard's rules), but assuming I'm right, I have to say I don't quite understand why the first one is needed.  Isn't all IP OUT going to be allowed anyway, unless the specific destination is blocked?

Offline pandlouk

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #12 on: November 05, 2006, 09:08:12 PM »
1. Correct

2. Wrong. If you check the Default rule IP out only one ptype of protocol is allowed.

Offline Impenetrable

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #13 on: November 06, 2006, 12:52:33 AM »
Thanks for the reply pandlouk.  I'm not quite with you, though.  Which do you mean when you say the "Default rule"?  This one:  Allow IP OUT [Any] [Any] where IPPROTO IS GRE?

Is GRE the protocol my comps are using to communicate with each other?  Sorry, guess I'm in deeper than I thought.  But trying to learn!  Honestly, I don't even know what GRE is.  I'm guessing you're just telling me I can narrow down the access even further?

Offline pandlouk

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Re: How to Protect your wifi-Lan
« Reply #14 on: November 06, 2006, 03:52:26 PM »
Thanks for the reply pandlouk.  I'm not quite with you, though.  Which do you mean when you say the "Default rule"?  This one:  Allow IP OUT [Any] [Any] where IPPROTO IS GRE?

Is GRE the protocol my comps are using to communicate with each other?  Sorry, guess I'm in deeper than I thought.  But trying to learn!  Honestly, I don't even know what GRE is.  I'm guessing you're just telling me I can narrow down the access even further?
Yes

For more information about Generic Routing Encapsulation check here

If you want the two computers to have full access you have to allow ANY IP and not just the GRE protocoll. ;)
« Last Edit: December 27, 2006, 10:48:23 AM by pandlouk »

 

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